Mobile app development is a standard and long specified process. The complete process includes strategic planning, designing, and development building processes.
However, knowing the specifics of the mobile app development process will take a lot of experience that ensures your development in the process.
- What are the stages of mobile app development?
- How does the app development process go on?
- What are the basics of app development?
Hence, if you are stuck with any of the above questions, this article is for you.
This article series will explore the stages of app development and will make sure to take you to a closer look at each step in-depth.
This procedure is broken down into eight stages, each of which is described in depth. It will assist you in comprehending how your mobile app progresses from an idea to a fully functional software that can be downloaded from app stores.
What are the stages of the app development process?
The mobile app development process contains the following stages:
(1) Selecting a partner to work with – Choosing a company to design and develop the app.
Selecting a company that cooperates with the products and benefits the organization.
It is important to determine whether to develop your app internally or outsource it. You must find the best partner or app development business for your project if you outsource.
(2) Building proper strategy – planning for evolving the idea into a successful app.
Strategic planning is the vital stage of app development that introduces proper planning for app development.
Planning is an essential step of mobile app development that cannot be skipped as it aids in the reduction of mobile app development costs and the saving of a significant amount of time through the remainder of the development process.
(3) Analysis and Implementation – Turning the idea into a project that captures all the detailed functional requirements.
This process requires preparing a product roadmap. Hence, this includes identifying and implementing the skills needed for app development.
This stage turns your app idea into an actual project. Once the identification of requirements is complete, you need to prepare a product roadmap followed by the implementation process.
(4) UI/UX app design – designing and polishing the app look- Creating the perfect app design for an excellent user experience.
UI/UX app design plays a vital role in creating a positive impression on its users. If the design influences the users, the app becomes popular and loved by all.
(5) App development – The integration phase of the app development process.
This development process is the phase where developers start to write the code and produce the final product.
(6) Testing -Testing ensures performance and makes the applications stable and secure.
This process allows the developers to check the app performance and see if the app completely meets their expectations or not. Ensuring stability, usability, and security, testing plays a vital role in testing the functionality too.
(7) Publishing the app on Google Play Store and Apple Store
Releasing and uploading on Google Play store and uploading the promotional materials that include graphics and videos.
Publishing the app is a part of the app development process. The Android app is now uploaded on the Google play store and the iOS app on the Apple store.
(8) Post-development process
The post-development process includes app maintenance, detecting crashes, product enhancements, and development of the app. After launching the app, you can now Analyze the performance and work on the refining process. This process includes app maintenance and further development of the app.
Now, let’s discuss each step in detail.
Stage 1:Selecting a partner to work with – Choosing a company to design and develop the app.
First, you have to decide whether to outsource your app development or build it internally. If you outsource, then you must choose the best partner or the best app development company for your project.
There are various app development companies and it’s a challenging task to select the best partner.
How to verify the company’s performance and make sure if it’s trustworthy?
There is no such thing as a foolproof formula for selecting a software firm. However, in this article, we will provide you with some helpful hints for locating solutions to important queries, such as:
- How can you get information about the top firms in one location, compare them, and read customer reviews.
- How can you verify if the company you are considering is reputable?
- How can you determine if an estimation you receive is genuine?
- What should you look for before signing an Independent Contractor Agreement?
Here are the few steps that would help you to choose the best company that meets your requirements.
(1) How can you get information about the top firms in one location
Check out the popular listing– here are eight platforms for B2B purchasing that you should be aware of. There are eight platforms listed below that gather information and reviews about organizations that provide software development services. They’re crucial resources for B2B purchasing and recruiting decisions.
Platforms such as Clutch, Goodfirms, Manifest, appfutura, contractIQ, extract, businessofApps, and sortlist for “Top Mobile App Development Companies.”
These are the popular platforms that list the top app development companies worldwide.
Clutch is one of the most popular (the first on the list). This platform connects small and mid-market enterprises with the best-fit IT providers, as well as marketing, advertising, design, and development organizations. Many of Clutch’s filters can help you discover a companion for yourself. Companies can be sorted by services, platforms, locations, and other factors.
Gather the information and Analyze pre-selected companies
When you have a list of options of the various app development companies, check each of their websites and portfolios. Check with the company’s experience in app development.
- Take a closer look at their work and check whether they have experience in creating products similar to yours.
- Check whether they collaborate with other companies or not.
- Ensure that they work with small businesses, large corporations, or both.
- Make sure that they use cutting-edge technology and solutions.
Hence, this would help you to prioritize the company listing and make a generous and successful selection.
Check the company’s Portfolio, Case studies, and Projects
Now, check their work in detail including the projects they have worked on. Ensure their experience in the latest trends of the app development process.
Check with their case studies and the projects in your specific domain. You can also download the app they have created and see its development.
(2) How can you verify if the company you are considering is reputable?
Now, check with the Company’s client feedbacks and reviews
It’s a fantastic way to find out and short-list the development options of the app development companies.
Make contact with one or two of their clients. You can get the details of their clients from their website. But, in case you don’t get their details, you can directly seek their information from the company.
Also, reading reviews is great. It helps you to determine the company’s performance and track the records.
(3) How can you determine if an estimation you receive is genuine?
Asking some specific questions will help you with the selection process.
Here is the list of questions you can ask from your potential app development partner
- Share your experience in building the apps.
- Have you built anything similar to the app we are going to develop?
- What’s your development process?
- Do you offer Product Development Guidance?
- What documentation would you provide us?
- How do you handle the testing of developed applications?
- How would you keep us updated about the progress of the app?
Also, make sure that the company understands your requirements and project needs.
You must communicate well with your partner company and make sure of their transparency.
Get confirmed that your partner company understands your project needs well. Also, confirm if they are experienced in your domain and can understand your needs.
(4) What should you look for before signing an Independent Contractor Agreement?
- Verify the Independent Contract Agreement.
It’s important to verify the contract and consult with a lawyer about it.
Here are some of the elements that must be included in the contract.
Ensure that the contract contains an element about confidential information. Hence, your partner company should not disclose any information about your project and maintain privacy needs.
- Advance Payment:
Make sure that the advance payment should not exceed the cost of the team’s work within a month. If in case a contractor goes for significant expenditure, then advance payment is considered reasonable.
- Choice of Law:
This clause indicates a dispute resolution place. If your partner company resides in another country, then they would choose the judiciary of their country. Hence, compromising is done with the jurisdiction to resolve the disputes.
- Payment deadline:
This clause must be included and imposed if there is any delay in the payments. Also, you must know – After how many days interest will charge? And after how many days the development team can stop work?
- Conditions for terminating the contract:
If you want to terminate the contract, it’s better to set a notice period of about 15-20 days.
- Check out the popular listing.
- Use Clutch or other platforms to help you narrow down a list of firms that you’re interested in.
- Examine pre-selected businesses — check out what others have to say about them, as well as their portfolio, and speak with one of their clients.
- Examine the estimates you’ll get, compare them to estimates from other companies, and ask questions.
- Verify the contract thoroughly and seek legal advice if necessary.
Stage 2: Building proper strategy – Planning for evolving the idea into a successful app.
Building a proper strategy is no longer an option, it is a requirement. Poor planning and strategy are two of the most common reasons for mobile applications failing in the first few months in the market.
As we know, mobile application development begins with a concept or an idea. From there, an app might go through a variety of stages of development. As a result, even a minor shift in perspective throughout the development process can have a significant impact on the final product. Hence, the planning stage is a must to put into consideration that helps alleviate the development risk.
Now, what are the steps involved in Strategic Planning?
Here are the steps you need to follow in building a proper strategy for mobile app development.
- Picking the best options
- Calculating the budget
- Set the time frame
If you’re considering creating an app, the first step is to undertake rigorous and in-depth market research. There has never been a successful firm that has grown without going through the time-consuming process of researching the industry.
As we know, Research increases the stock of knowledge. This also helps you to think from the customer’s perspective to find out the additional features included in the app.
Simple research might help you:
- Getting several better solutions from potential competitors.
- Giving a clear understanding of the app market.
- Examine your idea and analyze the outcome of it.
- Help you in determining which selections to make.
Hence, it’s considered a must for any company to stay competitive.
(2) Picking the best options
Pick the best options that will make sure to make a tentative flow of your development process!
Choosing the best option might help you in getting the opportunities for your competitive advantage.
Choosing the optimal alternatives strategy is an elimination process rather than a selection process. Learn why you need to get rid of techniques that don’t work so you can concentrate on the ones that will help you succeed.
Although, it can be challenging to manage this procedure and choose the solutions that best meet your business objectives. The most crucial component in forecasting the success of your app development is selecting the appropriate solutions.
But, after the extensive analysis through complete research, you get a clear vision of the various options. This would allow you to choose the best option that would take you towards a data-driven strategy for your project.
(3) Calculating the budget
It is an essential step toward getting your finances in order. This step allows you to be more refined with your financial conditions. It helps to estimate your mobile app development costs and takes you in a better direction of development.
Budgeting can be used for a variety of reasons, including predicting advantages, saving for a long-term goal, or simply ensuring that you are financially prepared to deal with whatever life throws at you.
It guarantees that you will always have enough money for the things you require and that are important to you.
Based on your calculations, you can prioritize the requirements and create the best product development roadmap.
(4) Set the time frame
By the end of the above steps, you will have a pretty clear vision of the implementation and your app planning. Now, you can easily set the timeframes and go with a properly planned strategy.
Setting time limits allows you to work more efficiently toward your goal. It aids in the visualization of roles, tasks, milestones, and deadlines to reach your objective. Once you’ve decided on a schedule, attempt to keep on it as much as possible. A deadline cultivates a sense of urgency, which drives you to stay on track and complete your task.
How does strategic planning benefit the company?
Here are the following benefits of Strategic Planning:
(1) Improves Security
Proper planning identifies and manages risk controls. It directs a company’s time, energy, and money, ensuring that resources are not wasted on projects that are unlikely to yield adequate outcomes. This is an added benefit that looks after the critical steps and minimizes the chances of risk. However, the expression of security contributes to the better development of the app.
(2) Reduces Costs
Proper analysis of the financial steps seems to answer “how much would it charge” and provides a major benefit of the reduced cost price. Therefore, this is one of the important benefits that need to be considered.
(3) Increases Productivity
The proper plan makes the employees more fulfilled and energetic. Also, laying the specific steps creates a daily plan. This includes prioritizing the tasks effectively and meeting deadlines. Employee productivity may even be boosted with strategic planning. Employees frequently feel more accountable and motivated to execute their roles within the firm to the best of their abilities after implementing a planning process. Hence, these steps help to increase daily productivity levels.
(4) Achieve Goals
Strategic planning helps us to understand the goal and understand the stages that help us to achieve it. Hence, it is easy to achieve the target just by evolving everyone in the development process.
In short, building a strategy is the most important and necessary process that cannot be skipped while going through a mobile app development process.
It’s essential to have this level of cognitive preparation for app development if you want to succeed. This defines the greatest methods for creating profits and achieving faster growth for a firm, laying out a clear path for them to follow. We wish you great success and an app that will strike the market by surprise!
Stage 3: Analysis and Implementation – Turning the idea into a project that captures all the detailed functional requirements.
This stage helps you to plan the scope and implementation so that your app can be released as soon as possible and acquire the greatest user feedback. This stage of implementation analysis also helps you to review the activities and improve the success of the app development process.
One of the main goals that define this stage is to perfectly identify the requirements and prepare a product roadmap.
This process can be carried out in the below steps:
- Reviewing the ideas: Make sure your ideas are good enough to make a difference and solve the problems of users.
- Turning the ideas into an actual project: Once you review your ideas and prepare for the development process, here comes the stage where your idea turns into a project.
- Naming the application: Have you selected the name of your app? If not, ensure your app name is unique within the app store.
- Prioritization of the features: What features should you include in the app? What are the most crucial and important features that should be implemented first? Hence, ensure to prioritize the features accordingly.
- Preparing a roadmap: After the identification of the requirements and proper selection, prepare a product roadmap.
- Implementation: Once you prepare with your product roadmap, start implementing your plans step by step.
Now, we will discuss each of these points in detail.
(1) Reviewing the ideas
Reviewing the ideas is a must! When you review your ideas, this means bringing them back into your mind and strengthening the process of app development. Having a good idea isn’t enough. The concept must also be pertinent and crucial to your objectives. Before acting on your ideas, be sure you fully comprehend what the idea entails, and what effects you expect
The process of reviewing can help you to clarify, implement and achieve the objectives. The critical evaluation of ideas is important for the development of the app’s success and also helps in determining the identification of necessary improvements if any. Hence, it is considered as the very important step that makes a reason for safety for further development.
(2) Turning the ideas into an actual project
If your idea has passed the above step, it is time to stick to it. After the reflection of proper reviewing the ideas, here comes the step that turns your ideas into a project.
Make sure to stay focused and get the necessary time and action to bring out the concept of the project. This step is especially crucial for concepts that will be implemented by a group because until the idea is clarified, not everyone will have the same clear vision of it.
(3)Naming the application
Now is the time to name your application. Choosing the proper name for your mobile app might make all the difference if you want to make a fortune. There’s a lot to consider when naming an app: a name that will grow with you, perfect, and leave a lasting impact on your target audience. The success and marketability of a mobile application are largely determined by its name.
Here are some helpful hints for naming a mobile application: Pick a name that is short, straightforward, and appropriate. Give your app a memorable name. Set yourself apart from your competitors Make your app’s name more appealing. Choose a name for your app that is appropriate for your country. Don’t overlook social media for your domain name.
Do not push your ideas when it comes to naming your application. Keep in mind that a name might make all the difference.
(4) Prioritization of the features
It is difficult to prioritize the features when we have a long list of features and we are confused to focus on what’s required to get the app to market. There are various factors that should be kept in mind while designing and prioritizing features for an application.
Hence, to find the features that support the core functionality of the application, start by addressing the following questions:
- What is the most common problem consumers are having?
- How will the product’s functionality solve that problem?
- For what benefits the target users are looking for?
The common answers to these questions will help you to find out the proper prioritization of the features.
(5) Preparing a roadmap
A product roadmap is a strategic document that lays out the major stages of a product’s development. This process of road mapping allows you to evaluate featured ideas, determine which features should be published, and, if required, which features should be removed or restructured to make greater sense for the overall product.
Your roadmap should be used to keep track of your product’s long-term development.
A roadmap should often include the following major points:
- Product vision, which describes what do you want your finished product to look like?
- Goal, that will be measured using certain metrics.
- Strategy, which is a plan of action that outlines what you must accomplish to satisfy the requirements.
- Feature, which is a component of a product, such as functionality or a third-party app.
- Initiative, which is a set of characteristics that must be implemented in order to attain the goal.
- Time-frame, which is the amount of time required to fulfill a specific objective or feature.
- Metrics through which the goals are measured.
- A status marker, which is a tool that is used to track the progress of a project.
Now, you are finished with a product roadmap. It is time to implement. Start implementing each step by step. Once you’ve picked which ideas to adopt and devised a strategy, it’s time to put your plan into action! Getting focused involves making the necessary space and time to bring the concept to life. It must progress from the concept stage to the implementation stage. Concentrate your efforts on achieving that goal.
As we know, building a mobile app is a dynamic process with many evolving ideas and cross-functional requirements. A proper analysis gives a complete and clear vision that is easy to understand. This process is useful as it adds value to the development strategy by prioritizing the high-level features and evolving along with the product requirements.
Hence, by the end of this stage, you would have a pretty clear vision of how your application planning will be analyzed and implemented.
Stage 4: UI/UX App Design – Designing and Polishing the app look.
The purpose of UI/UX design for mobile apps is to provide exceptional user experiences that make your software dynamic, intuitive, and user-friendly. While beautiful UI designs will aid in early adoption, your app must also provide intuitive user experiences in order for users to remain engaged.
Now, what does UI/UX design mean?
UX expands to User experience, which describes how an app works and UI stands for User interface, which shows the appearance of the application.
What is User Experience (UX) Design?
The user experience refers to how users feel while using your application. It is a design that gives users meaningful and relevant experiences. This includes features of branding, design, usability, and function, as well as the full process of obtaining and integrating the product.
What is User Interface (UI) Design?
User Interface Design is the process of making your app seem flawless while staying current with design trends to enhance the user experience. An application’s user interface is its graphical layout. It includes the buttons that users press, the text they read, the graphics, sliders, text entry boxes, and all other objects with which the user interacts.
This stage of Mobile app development includes these steps.
- Visual Design (UI)
Putting simply, the first three steps – Visualization, Wireframing, and prototyping are the steps of creating UX. The last two steps – Mockups and Visual Design includes creating a User Interface (UI).
Let’s discuss each in detail.
The development team first goes through with the complete visualization of the user flow in the app. This process gives a clear idea about the design of the application. our application’s visual identity is enhanced here. Based on the approved UI/UX design and project documents, the software development team provides a full estimate for the development step.
(2) Wireframing (UX)
Wireframing is the main stage of UI/UX software design that includes creating the wireframes of the app. The designers create wireframes, lay out the structure, and simplify the visual concepts of the app. Creating wireframes is like building the app’s backbone.
To put it simply, wireframes are digital sketches created with a wireframing tool, although they may also be created with pen and paper. Wireframes are used to visualize what you want to develop. It is important that you create a design that is unique to the product. It should be simple and easy to use independent of the device you’re using.
Now, what are the steps included in wireframing?
Wireframes provide a concept of how pages will be organized and how navigation will work.
Here are the steps involved in the process of wireframing:
- Creating a sitemap
- Using markup in wireframes
- Wireframing components (Header, Footer and Menu)
- Mobile Responsive wireframing
Creating a sitemap: Wireframing begins with a good sitemap. A sitemap gives a structure and provides a brief overview of where items are located and how they are connected.
Using markup in wireframes: The wireframe is frequently inspected by developers, clients, and management in addition to designers. As a result, adding some markup to each section of the material is beneficial.
Wireframing components (Header, Footer, and Menu): Adding these components ensures that your wireframe design is consistent.
Mobile Responsive wireframing: Ensure that your wireframing is mobile friendly as we know much of the web today is viewed on mobile phones.
Hence, wireframing is a quick approach to get a visual representation of your website or mobile application.
A prototype is the release of the product which is built to test the concept and processes of the app. Prototype handles the usability of the application. Hence, it’s an excellent tool to get user feedback and test the product.
If you want to pitch your software to investors, prototyping is a must. You may incorporate all of the features without having to go through the development process. It aids testers by providing a realistic experience of what it would be like to use the application.
To prototype an app, most teams use tools like InvisionApp. Some companies, on the other hand, use Xcode to prototype their apps right in the development environment.
Now, the final wireframe is converted to final mockups. Mockups are the final renderings of your app’s visual design. Mockups combine the wireframe with the style guide to create a final version that can be prototyped. Some common tools used for mockups are Adobe Photoshop, Sketch, and Adobe XD.
(5) Design (UI)
This is the last step of the designing phase. In the world of UI/UX design, “design” is the most abstract concept. It encompasses both the design process and the end product.
Designers work on the polishing of the app look and its style guide. Style guide creates a base for the process of designing and developing the app. It includes setting fonts, colors, layouts, graphics, and more.
The design stands for the process of a designer working on a task given by the client and striving to communicate their vision through the proper choice of colors, shapes, and typefaces. Design, on the other hand, refers to the appearance and functionality of your application.
If your app idea is great, but the interface and UX design isn’t good, you won’t succeed. Make sure your UI/UX design is perfect. Be engaged in each step of designing and keep your app designs interactive and user-friendly.
Stage 5: App Development
Development is the longest step as it involves writing code and figuring out the architecture. Fortunately, it is also one of the most enjoyable processes because it allows you to test your application for the first time.
Following the creation of app designs, mobile app developers get to work putting everything into motion. The project manager assigns responsibilities to the developers, and a step-by-step strategy for mobile app development is created to meet the deadlines.
Development can be carried out in a variety of ways:
- Native: In this process, a different application is created for each mobile platform. This option is the most expensive, but it is the most dependable: you will have complete server support, and the interface will run swiftly and appear as natural as possible.
- Cross-Platform: In the case of cross-platform, developers use universal code for all the platforms. You don’t need to separate code for different platforms such as iOS and Android or other platforms. Hence, it is considered the best option in terms of price and quality.
The following are three crucial features of app development:
- Technical architecture
- Technology stack
- Development milestones
App Development can be divided into three major categories:
- Server technology for mobile backends
- API (Application Programming Interface (APIs))
- Front-end programming
Back-end development (Server-side rendering)
The backend development is required from the server’s perspective. Data is stored, secured, and processed via mobile app backends. Backend refers to the activities that take place behind the scenes when a user interacts with your mobile application.
It includes all the processes involved in creating an HTML page that the web browsers can understand. Another important part of Back-end development includes ensuring strong data security.
The purpose of developing a backend for your mobile device is to send data to the server for processing. On the backend, things like signups, logins, messaging, storing data in the cloud, and responding to user requests take place.
The back-end includes all the database and server-side engineering. This process requires building or integrating the tools to manage the app’s content and other functional requirements.
Calculator, camera, notes, compass, voice recorder, and other applications do not require backend development. They work without a network connection from a remote server on the mobile app.
Apps like Amazon, Netflix, and Uber, on the other hand, cannot function without a connected backend.
API (Application Programming Interface)
API expands to the Application Programming Interface, which is used for the integration needs. It is a method of communication between the app and a Back-end server.
The interface is something where software components can interact. However, the API allows the application to interact with the external service by using a simple set of commands.
The majority of mobile API development is done with RestAPI, which is also one of the most simple options for anyone developing mobile apps. It allows users to connect and interact with a remote cloud data server fast. Making requests across the network, on the other hand, might cause serious issues if done incorrectly.
API acts like building blocks and allows developers to build apps much faster. Also, it helps the developers to spend less time creating proper functionality in the app.
Hence, to make the application and database communicate with each other, the API is considered.
Should you purchase APIs or create your own?
There are two methods for integrating APIs into your mobile app. You can either create it yourself or purchase it from a third-party API provider.
Purchasing and integrating a ready API is the simplest since it saves time and money by eliminating the requirement for a developer to comprehend and implement API integration. Building your API, on the other hand, gives you a lot more flexibility and allows you to include or exclude functionality as per your requirements.
It’s best to go with a common architecture if you’re going to create your API. It provides a general development framework that most developers are familiar with. This also shortens the time it takes to create a mobile API. Common architecture is divided into four categories: pragmatic REST, web services, event-driven, and hypermedia. The most popular common architectures for mobile app development are pragmatic REST and event-driven.
Documenting the API Development Process for Mobile Devices
It’s simple to create an API. A concise API process documentation can assist you in understanding the API’s history as well as its current state. This simplifies future updates. Another advantage of documenting your API development process is that it makes your API accessible to others. Hence, you’ll need solid documentation to aid you with the code if you want other developers to use your API.
Security Measures with API
It is critical to maintaining security precautions whether you utilize a pre-built API or create your own. For developers, it is always a crucial component. Before using web-based APIs, developers must first have access to control mechanisms, privacy controls, and secret keys.
Front-end development (Client-side rendering)
The front end of your mobile app is what your users will see. It includes a mixed bag of technologies. The front-end process includes building a client application that installs on the user’s phone.
There are typically two types of front-end development:
Native front-end development is primarily developed for the iOS or Android platforms, but hybrid front-end development uses both and is compatible with a variety of operating systems.
There are various developer languages and frameworks that can help your front developer’s efforts, whether they need to design a native front end or a hybrid front end. Keep in mind that the front end comprises everything your consumers view, from the app’s initial loading screen to all of the menus and settings.
The front-end developers must ensure the application is accessible to all the users and remains responsive in all views- mobile, desktop, and web.
The App development stage is considered a crucial stage that undergoes all the development technologies involved in the application. Hence, your final app’s success is determined by how this development process is managed.
Stage 6: Testing – ensures performance and makes the applications stable and secure.
Testing is an important phase of the app development process. Mobile testing is necessary for finding bugs, implementing functionality, and ensuring maximum performance with limited resources while dealing with constraints such as varied screen sizes, severe device fragmentation, and a broad set of input methodologies.
Following the successful development of an app, it is critical to guarantee that the app’s quality is up to the mark. The quality assurance phase of the mobile app development process is important since it determines the app’s reliability, stability, and usability.
Several areas must be handled by following a thorough testing cycle that is specific to each application to provide an all-encompassing testing process.
Manual testing and automated testing are the two types of testing that can be done. It depends on the type of application that requires manual testing or automated testing.
The testing phase is an important element of the mobile app development process, consisting of several phases that are used to assess the quality of the finished product. Here’s a step-by-step walkthrough of the entire mobile app development testing process.
❖ Test Scope
This is the most significant step of the testing process that defines the parameters, features, and functionalities of the app.
Here are the parameters that need to be considered while defining the scope of testing:
- Application type: Native or Hybrid
- Front-end Testing
- Back-end Testing
- Checking operating system, device, and version
- Network compatibility testing
Once the test scope is defined, it’s time to devise a strategy for moving forward. In this stage of the planning phase, you’ll finalize your testing strategy by categorizing or breaking down the entire procedure into manageable parts. When putting together a strategy, the first decision you’ll have to make is whether to use manual or automated testing. If an automated testing approach is chosen, this stage also includes the preparation of test cases and scripts.
The planning stage includes:
- Choosing a testing approach that meets the needs of the mobile application.
- Creating and selecting test scenarios that are specific to the mobile application is created.
- Choosing whether manual testing will be done in-house or whether the software will be used.
- If you’re not doing it in-house, choosing the testers is crucial.
It’s time to execute the full testing process after defining the scope of testing and establishing the strategy, writing test cases, and deciding on the testing methodologies. The specifications of the devices, platforms or operating systems on which the application will be evaluated are the focus of testing execution.
There are a few things to think about once again.
- Various testing procedures are used based on the scope and priority of the project.
- Resetting the testing goals and identifying opportunities for improvement.
- Sending test findings regularly to deploy modifications as soon as possible.
- From the development stage until the deployment stage, testing should be done regularly.
After the testing procedure has been completed, the results and errors must be analyzed and recorded. When tracking testing results, the first step is to prioritize the results depending on their severity and the requirement for rapid corrective action. The most important and severe defects must be addressed first. There is a lot of software available for keeping track of test results.
The following are the most significant aspects to consider when tracking test results:
- The defect prioritization decision: Low, Medium, High, or Blocker.
- Problem resolution is based on priority, rather than avoiding even the most basic defect.
- Keeping track of flaws to ensure that they are addressed as soon as possible.
- Selecting a dependable partner to follow testing results.
It’s time to start the review process after the test run is finished and all issues have been either resolved or logged. You must write a summarized report of the complete testing process and then study it to have a better knowledge of the errors and behavior of the mobile application during the review process.
Now, what are the different types of testing methods?
(1) Functional Testing
You can use this testing method to see if your application is acting as it should meet all of the requirements. Functional testing determines the accuracy of the application’s functionality and behavior. This method determines whether users can use app features and functionality without facing functional issues.
As a result, you must ensure that the app performs as expected in all potential test scenarios. Also, keep in mind that if you are building an app for Android and iOS, then your functional testing must include a feature comparison for both versions of your mobile app.
Functional Testing includes:
- The application’s installation and setup across all distribution channels.
- Testing of business features and functionality
- Fields for testing, settings, and user feedback
- Testing of potential interruptions
- Putting essential device resources to the test
(2) Performance Testing
This method measures the app’s performance and determines how well the app is
responding to user requests. Furthermore, performance testing allows you to verify for consistency in performance as the load changes or if any exceptions occur. This process tests the application speed, battery usage, memory leaks, and the size of the app.
Performance testing includes:
- Volume testing to see how well an app performs while dealing with a large amount of data.
- Load testing to see how fast the app performs under typical and heavy loads.
- Stability testing to determine if the program works properly in all circumstances.
- Concurrency testing is used to see if the performance of an app changes when numerous users are signed in at the same time.
- The app’s battery usage was put to the test
(3) User Experience Testing
It is a process of testing different aspects of user experience to ensure that the final product matches the planning. It is necessary to make sure that the UI/UX meets the needs and standards of the client. Furthermore, the user interface is designed in such a way that users find it simple to use and understand.
The major goal of this testing is to see if the final implementation follows the concept that was envisioned or presented. Make sure to maintain consistent fonts, color schemes, padding between data, icon design, style treatments, and navigation.
This testing process includes:
- Visual testing
- Examining the application’s design, fonts, icons, and other elements for consistency.
- Testing the speed of interaction and the ambiguity of navigation
(4) Documentation Testing
The process of developing a mobile application begins with the production of a document that details the requirements, screen layouts, specs, and client requirements. As a result, if there is a discrepancy between the document that is generated and the application that is built, it can be a significant issue to consider.
Documentation testing involves the following:
- Examining the documentation for any discrepancies
- Navigation flow, screen layouts, and other design elements are created and analyzed.
- Examining the design for completeness and compliance with the documentation’s requirements.
- Analysis for the test cases.
(5) Security Testing
Security testing is the utmost concern to make the app secure and stable.
Any potential vulnerability can lead to a hack. Hence, many app development companies hire outside agencies to perform security testing on their applications.
Checking for any risk to sensitive data, risks from hackers, and so on are some of the primary parts of security testing.
Security testing can be done in a variety of ways, including:
- Threat analysis and testing for login credentials authentication
- Testing for the right platform and safe server controls.
- Checking for any potential vulnerabilities that hackers could exploit.
- Vulnerability analysis to see if the application has any flaws.
(6) Platform Testing
With new devices hitting the market every day, each with its own set of hardware and capabilities, platform testing has become an unavoidable part of the mobile app development process.
The following are some of the aspects covered by platform testing:
- Mobile application compatibility testing on a variety of devices to assure device compatibility.
- Platform testing is carried out in the event of cross-platform mobile applications to ensure compatibility with each platform.
- Checking the created mobile application for cross-browser compatibility.
Testing of the mobile application ensures that it is released with the greatest amount of success. We hope that this post will be useful to everyone looking for mobile application testing and will provide an outline of the best practices to follow while testing mobile applications.
Stage 7: Publishing the app on Google Play Store and Apple Store
The process of making your Android applications available to users is known as publishing.
This article will give an overview of the publishing process for mobile app development.
When you publish an Android app, you have two major steps to complete:
- Preparation for release
This includes creating a release version of the software during the preparation stage, which people may download and install on their Android devices.
- Releasing the application
This includes the distribution of the released version and makes it available to the users.
Let’s discuss each in detail.
(1) Preparation for release
You must configure, build, and test a release version of your application to prepare it for release. Basic code cleanup and code modification tasks that help improve your application are included in the configuration tasks. The build procedure is identical to debugging and may be completed with JDK and Android SDK tools.
The testing activities serve as a final check to ensure that your software works as expected in real-world scenarios. When you’ve finished preparing your app for release, you’ll have a signed APK file that you can either distribute directly to users or through an app store like Google Play.
- Getting materials for release
You’ll need a few supporting things to start preparing your application for release. At a bare minimum, this should include cryptographic keys for signing your software and a symbol for it. You could also want to include a license agreement for end users.
- Configuring an application for public Release
You can begin setting your application for release once you’ve gathered all of your supporting resources. This section summarizes the configuration adjustments to your source code, resource files, and application manifest that we recommend you make before releasing your app.
- Building application for release
After you’ve finished configuring your application, you may turn it into a signed and optimized release-ready APK file. The Android SDK offers tools for compiling and optimizing the APK file, while the JDK contains tools for signing it.
- Preparing remote servers
If your app relies on a remote server, be sure it’s secure and set up for production. This is especially important if you’re using a remote server to execute the signature verification phase for your application’s in-app billing.
- Testing application for release
Testing your app’s release version ensures that it functions properly under real-world device and network settings. When you’ve finished testing and are confident that the release version of your app works as expected, you can make it available to users.
(2) Releasing the application
You may distribute your Android apps in a variety of ways. Typically, applications are released through an application marketplace such as Google Play or the Apple App Store.
Releasing the application on Google Play Store
Google Play is a powerful publishing platform that allows you to promote, sell, and distribute Android apps to people all over the world. When you publish your apps on Google Play, you gain access to a set of developer tools that allow you to track sales, spot market trends, and manage the records of the distribution.
- Getting ready for a promotion: You’ll need to produce promotional assets for your app, including pictures, videos, graphics, and promotional text, to fully utilize Google Play’s marketing and publicity capabilities.
- Configuring options and adding assets to the system: Google Play allows you to target your app to a global audience of consumers and devices. You can choose the countries you want to reach, the listing languages you want to use, and the pricing you want to charge in each nation by customizing various Google Play options. You can also customize the application type, category, and content rating for each listing.
- Publishing the release version: If you’re confident that your publishing settings are accurate and your uploaded application is ready for public release, simply click Publish in the Play Console, and your app will be up and accessible for download around the world in minutes.
Releasing the application on the Apple store
The process of submitting an app to the App Store is a little complicated and requires extensive planning.
This process contains the following steps:
- Setting up Apple Developer account: You must register as an Apple Developer to create an iOS app and publish it on the App Store. Joining this developer program also allows you to create an iOS app and test it on actual iOS devices, which is an important step in the app development process.
- Submit the app to the apple store: Before beginning the submission process, it is strongly advised that you read the Apple Store Review guidelines. Each app is reviewed by the Apple Review Team before being approved for release. You must supply a collection of information (icon, app preview/screenshots), as well as metadata, before submitting your app for review (the name of your app, its category, a detailed description, and additional keywords for ASO). Once you submit your app to the Apple store, it gets published and gives access to the users to download it.
Stage: 8 Post-development phase
Building and publishing your app doesn’t imply your work is over. You should be continually updating it. Your responsibility shifts from developing to maintaining your application as soon as it is live. Here’s all you need to know about keeping your app running in the long run.
(1) The practices of app maintenance
Here’s how you can get the most out of maintaining your app in the long run:
Update to New Features
It’s a good idea to keep an eye on your app, in the long run, to see how consumers engage with it. Adding new feature upgrades to your app based on user feedback and usage patterns keeps users engaged and interested. This could provide you with vital information about which features they utilize the most and which ones they consider unnecessary.
It’s also a good idea to keep an eye on your app reviews. The majority of users give suggestions for enhancements and new features. Use these suggestions to improve your app’s updates.
Ensure that new hardware/software is compatible with the app.
Technology is never at a standstill. Every year, a new iOS or Android version is released. As technology advances, your users will move on, and your app will be left behind. It’s also a good idea to incorporate the latest hardware capabilities, like fingerprint logins and push alerts, into the functioning of your app. You’ll lose clients if you don’t maintain your app regularly and make sure it’s compatible with all of the latest devices and operating systems.
Fixing bugs as soon as possible
You’ll lose users if you don’t check in on your app frequently and resolve bugs as soon as possible. A large number of flaws can cause your app to crash and fail permanently. If left alone for a long time, they might also compound your expenses.
Always be on the lookout for bugs and technical problems and repair them as soon as possible. Keep track of user comments and reviews so that any concerns or concerns may be addressed quickly.
Ensure that your user interface is up to date.
Keeping up with your consumers’ shifting tastes, trends, and usage habits is critical to your app’s long-term success. And that involves maintaining your user interface (UI) up to current at all times.
Users get more mature as they spend more time with your application. Your user interface must evolve as well, especially if you want to keep existing users engaged and provide them with the greatest possible experience.
Furthermore, if you want to stay current and relevant, you must tailor your user interface to changing trends and designs.
Keep an eye on your results.
Don’t forget to keep an eye on how your app is doing. Keep a lookout for slow loading times, lags, and concerns with responsiveness. You should keep track of your analytics reports in addition to monitoring the technical operation of your app.
Keep track of your retention and churn rates, consumer usage trends, and engagement and conversion rates. Monitoring these data will help you enhance your app, reduce user churn, and maintain it in top shape for the long term.
Keep an eye on your license.
The majority of apps are made with licensed software. Make sure you’ve done your research and are aware of any licenses or certificates that need to be renewed.
The good news is that this part of maintenance is quite easy to forecast. If you did your homework during development and understand what you signed up for, there’s a good chance you won’t be surprised by astronomically high renewal costs.
(2) The benefits of the post-development process
Improve the User Experience
You don’t want people to simply download and utilize your app. You want them to be fascinated by it. Monitoring your app over time will provide you valuable information about how your users feel about it. Keeping track of client feedback and market trends allows you to stay current on changing user preferences, issues, and habits.
Because maintaining strong, long-term connections with your users is crucial to the success and growth of your app. You must present them with incredible experiences that they will never forget to create these bonds.
Maintain Your Competitive Advantage
Millions of apps compete for space on cell phones all around the world. People don’t have enough time to use (or even store) them all.
You must regularly upgrade your app to stand out from the crowd and beat the competition. Users will begin hunting for better solutions the moment you cease maintaining and upgrading them. This will be exploited by your competition, and you will fall behind. Maintaining your app over time will keep you ahead of the competition.
Apps with irritating bugs or that frequently crash can drive consumers away faster than you can say “uninstall.”
Similarly, if an app ceases offering value after a period, consumers will find no need to keep it loaded on their smartphone or continue to use it.
Making sure your app runs quickly, keeps users happy, and is always up to speed on the newest trends and usage behavior will help you reduce uninstalls and raise your retention rate dramatically.
We hope that this article helped you to understand the stages of the mobile app development process. Creating a mobile app sounds scary and complicated if done without following the appropriate stages. However, the number of unanticipated challenges during the app development process will be limited if the workflow is orderly, answers are quick, and careful preparation is done.
Irrespective of the size and scope of your project, your mobile app development initiative will be a success by following these above development processes.
Ailoitte is a team of professionals that work effortlessly crafting solutions to bring your ideas into reality. Get in touch with us if you’re seeking a seasoned mobile development team. We have the skills and experience you require.